5 Tips on How to Deal with Drawdowns
After the recent harsh correction in the stock markets and cryptocurrencies, many traders and especially investors currently find their accounts in a not so nice drawdown. So I thought this might be a good time to give some advice on how to deal with such drawdowns.
What's a drawdown? Here's a quick explanation: You buy one stock of a company at $100 and after a month it's trading at $120. You're now having profits of $20 or 20% on your account. Now the stock drops from 120 to 110, that's $10 off the highs and therefore a $10 or 8.3% drawdown from the so-called high-water mark.
You don't like these drawdowns at all? Neither do I but the fact is that drawdowns are the norm in trading, not the exception. Most of the time you're simply not making new all-time highs in your equity curve. Meaning that usually, you're in some kind of drawdown so if you want to completely avoid drawdowns, stop trading. Or learn how to deal with them.
Here are some tips on how to make it through these unavoidable trading valleys…
1) Zoom out: You're long the S&P 500 and woke up to a 10% drawdown recently? That's bad but hey it still more than tripled over the last 10 years. So yes a 10% drawdown is not nice but seeing it in the right perspective helps a lot to see things actually aren't that bad. Zoom out and get some distance to see the drawdown in a larger context.
2) Switch perspective: You're in a drawdown and therefore lost money. That's tough but how does this actually affect your daily life? Is there something you can't do today you'd have been able to do otherwise? Any real changes in the quality of your lifestyle? Did your wife and kids leave you? If so you surely overtraded! But if not, the only thing that actually changed is your trading account balance. That's not nice as it's still real money you could do real things with but being aware that your daily life isn't actually affected is a healthy thing to remember. It helps to reduce the emotional stress and to get back into the right mindset for trading. Stop the mental drawdown and get back up!
3) Think Long-term: Remind yourself of your long-term goals regarding trading. Why are you in this business at all. If your plan is practical the current drawdown won't change it. You can still reach the long-term goal and succeed. See this drawdown for what it is and what happens in every business out there. You're having a bad month/quarter/year. No reason to close your business right? Same with trading and in a couple of years you won't even remember that little setback.
4) Look at the past: Have a look at previous similar drawdowns. The S&P had 10% drawdowns in the past, Bitcoin had 50% corrections and the system you're trading might have had similar drawdowns in the past. This helps to notice that the drawdown you're in might not be as unusual as you first thought. But what helps most is to notice what happened after these previous drawdowns. That's what you want to focus on.
5) Move on: Finally, you got to accept the drawdown and move on. Everyone has these if you don't believe me look at other professional traders/funds equity curves. Even the best out there have drawdowns especially if they're in the game for many years. Not really accepting the drawdown makes you likely to do real mistakes. Or you might end up being paralyzed, unable to put on the next trades, and miss exactly what would take you out of the drawdown. So in the end, you have to forget about it and move on!
Happy Trading and Stay Healthy!